About Armenia:
Map of Armenia
Geography, People
Useful information

Visa Assistance:
Visa requirements
Apply for an E-visa


Site Map

The ancestors of modern Armenians settled in the area of Mount Ararat, in the late 3000s BC. Early in the 1st century BC Armenian King Tigranes the Great formed an empire that stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean. In the 1st century AD a Parthian-Roman treaty installed the Parthian Arsacid dynasty as rulers of Armenia, the Arsacid dynasty fell to the Sassanids in the early 3rd century. The Roman Empire restored the Arsacids to power, crowning Tiridates III as King of Armenia. Tiridates converted to Christianity in the early 4th century and established a state church.

The Byzantine and Persian empires divided Armenia in the late 4th century, but in the early 7th century all of Armenia came under Byzantine rule. In 885, Ashot I, became the sovereign of an independent Armenian kingdom. This period of Armenian independence ended with the conquests of a resurgent Byzantine Empire under Basil II, who ruled from 976 until 1025. Invasions by the Seljuk Turks brought most of Armenia under Turkish control by 1071.

In the 13th century Armenia fell to the Mongols, who ruled until the early 15th century. The Ottoman Empire conquered most of Armenia in the 16th century. By the late 1820s the area of present-day Armenia had become part of the Russian Empire, while the rest of historic Armenia remained part of the Ottoman Empire.

The worst atrocities against Armenians occurred in the Ottoman Empire during World War I (1914-1920), when widespread deportations and massacres eliminated nine-tenths of the Armenians in Anatolia (present-day Asian Turkey).

In May 1918 the Armenian Republican Federation proclaimed an independent Armenian State that encompassed most of the Armenian lands included in the former Russian Empire. In early 1921 the Bolsheviks took complete control of the government and Armenia became one of the republics of USSR.

In December 1988 northern Armenia was devastated by an earthquake that killed 25,000 people and left more than 400,000 homeless.

Toward the end of 1989 the Armenian Supreme Soviet declared Nagorno-Karabakh to be part of Armenia. The Soviet authorities did not support the declaration, ruling it was unconstitutional.

In September 1991 Armenian residents voted overwhelmingly to secede from the USSR, and the Armenian Supreme Soviet declared Armenia's independence.
© SABERATOURS-SEVAN 2003 | Privacy Policy